Environics and ERCC were assigned by United Nations Environmental Program (UNEP) and the Technical Secretariat of the Cabinet of Ministers to carry out the Project for Development of an Energy Consumption Indicators System for Egypt.
This was to be done through developing a system to measure and evaluate energy use in Egypt and guide data collection and policy making.
The system was to focus on selected economic sectors identified to be the highest down-stream consumers of energy in Egypt, namely: the industrial, transportation, residential, commercial and tourism sectors.
The report entitled “Development of a System of Energy Intensity Indicators for the Egyptian Economy”:
Suggested an energy accounting framework and system of indicators for the Egyptian economy, based on the best international practices and research;
Illustrated the capability of the proposed accounting framework and indicators for tracking energy use changes with time and relating it to changes in the size of the economy, economic structure, or efficiency of energy use, which was not possible given the metrics employed in Egypt at the time;
Demonstrated the use of the proposed framework and indicators on pre-selected sectors within the Egyptian economy;
Analyzed the usability of existing data within the proposed accounting framework;
Proposed an institutional setup through which the accounting framework could be implemented;
Recommended short term activities to initiate implementation.
The application of the developed system makes it possible to track changes in energy intensity, identify barriers to the reduction of energy intensity, and helps outline programs to reduce Egypt’s energy intensity. The system thus provides the basis for sustained rational planning and decision making.