The Participatory Development Programme in Urban Areas (PDP) is a development measure of the Egyptian-German development cooperation, implemented by the Egyptian Ministry of Planning and International Cooperation (MoPIC), and supported by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH. One of the components of PDP is “Solid Waste Management,” which aims to establish an integrated and community-based solid waste management system in two cities in Qalyubiya Governorate, namely, al-Khanka and al-Khusus. Within the scope of this component, PDP decided to establish a center for producing compost and refuse derived fuel (RDF). PDP commissioned Environics to prepare the EIA study necessary for the project.
Environics team visited the proposed site for the new plant and indicated that it was environmentally unsuitable for the project. Due to the unavailability of alternative sites for this new project, and after a series of interviews with relevant stakeholders, GIZ suggested the rehabilitation of the existing compost plant at Khanka district of Abou Zaabal area. The rehabilitation entailed adding a new RDF production plant. The modified project required a Form B EIA study according to the Egyptian laws and regulations. Environics carried out the EIA, which assessed the environmental and socio-economic impacts of the project during the construction and operation phases. The EIA highlighted the management plan that should be followed to reduce the negative impacts, defining the roles and responsibilities of the different entities involved in its implementation. Finally, the management plan was discussed with the existing operators at the time.