Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM) in Egypt – a Scoping Study

  • The ICZM in Egypt Scoping Study was developed under the Adaptation to Climate Change in the Nile Delta through Integrated Coastal Zone Management Project (ACCNDP). ACCNDP is funded by the Egyptian Ministry of Irrigation and Water Resources, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
  • The study aimed at achieving a sustainable management of the Egyptian northern coastal area through the holistic understanding of coastal threats and opportunities, and through the provision of adequate institutional framework.
  • Environics was commissioned to conduct this study in association with IH Cantabria (Spain).
  • The study entailed:
    • Compiling, analyzing and integrating existing information of the Northern Coast;
    • Identifying key issues and management priorities;
    • Involving coastal stakeholders in the definition of coastal issues in order to achieve a shared understanding and ownership of future coastal planning stages;
    • Applying a division methodology, whereby the coastal stretch was divided into homogeneous coastal management units;
    • Conducting sectoral and integrated diagnosis of the physical, ecological, socioeconomic and legal & institutional aspects of each coastal unit, including SWOT analysis & identification of key issues. The results of the diagnosis were presented through the ICZM GeoViewer (;
    • Conducting a legal & institutional assessment of main opportunities & constraints for ICZM development in Egypt, and
    • Providing conclusions and recommendations for the establishment of an ICZM process in the Northern Coast.
  • The ecological assessment addressed ornithology aspects, including: birds of the ecological system of each coastal unit; the impacts and threats on migratory birds; breeding birds of the Mediterranean Coastal desert; birds of the urban and agricultural areas; Lake Burullus, Lake Manzala, El-Mallaha, Lake Mariut, Lake Idku, and Zaranik Protected Area as Important Bird Areas (IBAs).
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