Environics carried out the ESIA for the project in 2005, which was prepared according to the Egyptian laws and regulations, as well as guidelines and standards of the International Finance Corporation (IFC) and World Bank (WB). The ESIA was approved in 2006.
Environics was commissioned to update the ESIA in an addendum that accounts for the project modifications and the changes that took place in the socioeconomic setup of the area from 2005 to 2008.
Environics was again assigned to carry out the Scoped ESIA for the project modifications in 2011.
The 2005 ESIA included a survey of baseline information to investigate the site’s environmental status, potentially sensitive areas, natural resources & social conditions.
The 2008 addendum included an update of the baseline description, including an amendment of the socio-economic section to reflect the development in the area, and an update of the environmental and social impact assessment, as well as a re-run of mathematical models for air and noise dispersion, taking into consideration the new locations of the project components.
The 2011 ESIA covered the project modifications in 2010, substituted the original intake/injection bore field with a direct marine intake pipeline, as well as slightly changing the location of the desalination plant.
Additionally, Environics was commissioned to conduct a Hydrogeological Study for the injection Wells in 2012, to assess the ground water aquifers in the project area, and their storage capabilities.